Children’s Health

BEAR RIVER BOX ELDER CACHE RICH UTAH
CHILDREN'S HEALTH
Low birth weight Babies born with a low birthweight (less than 5.5 pounds) have a high probability of experiencing developmental problems and short- and long-term disabilities. They are also at a greater risk of dying within the first year of life. Smoking, poor nutrition, poverty, stress, infections, obesity, multiple births and violence can increase the risk of a baby being born with a low birthweight.52 Compared with other affluent countries, the United States has among the highest percentage of babies born with a low birthweight 6.53% 6.60% 6.47% N/A 7.02%
Children without health insurance Children without health insurance are less likely than insured children to have a regular health care provider and to receive care when they need it, putting them at greater risk of hospitalization. N/A 4.0% 6.0% 10.0% 6%
LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH FOR CHILDREN <0-18 yrs Retrieved from Utah Department of Health, Center for Health Data and Informatics, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health website: http://ibis.health.utah.gov/
Conditions originating in the perinatal period This includes conditions related to maternal factors and complications of pregnancy, labor and delivery. It can also include length of gestation and fetal growth, birth trauma, or death due to failure of various systems including respiratory, cardiovascular, etc. The perinatal period is defined as before birth through the 28th day following birth 39% 37% 40% N/A 32%
Congenital malformations, deformations, chromosonal abnormalities Commonly referred to as "birth defects." Heart defects, neural tube defects and Down syndrome are the most common congenital anomalies. 17% 15% 19% N/A 22%
Unintentional Injury Injuries casues by burns, drowning, falls, poisoning, and road traffic. They are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children 0-19 in the US. 15% 19% 12% N/A 17%
Suicide Purposely self inflicted inury. In the US, suicide is the second leading cause of death for those 15-24. Looking at younger teenagers it is the third leading cause of death of individuals aged 10-14. 13% 11% 14% N/A 12%
Cancer Malignant neoplasm or cancer, is a disease in which abnomral cells divide uncontrollably and destroy body tissue. The most common cancers of children are: leukemia, brain and spinal cord tumors, neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor, lymphoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, retinoblastoma, and bone cancer 6% 4% 7% N/A 5%
Diseases of the heart Diseases of the heart can be caused by a variety of factors ranging from viral infections to chromosonal abnormalities and may arise as secondary complications to other diseases or conditions within the body. In most cases, the cause of cardiac disease is not known. 3% 4% 4% N/A 2%
Assault/Homicide Injuries inflicted by another person with intent to inure or kill by any means. In the US, assault/homicide is the third leading cause of death for children aged 1-4 years 2% 4% 0% N/A 3%
Cerebrovascular diseases Cerebrovascular disorders are generally rate in children but include aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations, Moyamoya disease, Vein of Galen malformations 0% 0% 2% N/A 0.5%
Influenza Children, especially those younger than 5 years, are at higher risk for serious flu related complications. While relatively rare, some children die from flu each year. The single best way to protect your children from the flu is to get them vaccinated each year. 2% 4% 0% N/A 2.0%
Total (n=number of total deaths) 69 27 42 N/A 1083
ALCOHOL, TOBACCO, DRUG USE
Past 30 day alcohol use Abuse of alcohol and drugs can negatively impact cognitive growth of the teenage brain during a critical time of development. Teens who abuse these substances are more likely to engage in risky sexual activity, drive under the influence, abuse multiple substances and commit crimes. Abuse of alcohol and drugs is also linked to physical and mental health problems, poor academic performance and disengagement from peers, family, schools and community. The negative consequences of teen alcohol and drug abuse can carry over into adulthood. Overall, alcohol and drug use by adolescents have declined during the past decade, although patterns vary by substance. 4.3% N/A 3.9% N/A 6.7%
Past 30 day cigarette use Abuse of alcohol and drugs can negatively impact cognitive growth of the teenage brain during a critical time of development. Teens who abuse these substances are more likely to engage in risky sexual activity, drive under the influence, abuse multiple substances and commit crimes. Abuse of alcohol and drugs is also linked to physical and mental health problems, poor academic performance and disengagement from peers, family, schools and community. The negative consequences of teen alcohol and drug abuse can carry over into adulthood. Overall, alcohol and drug use by adolescents have declined during the past decade, although patterns vary by substance. 1.8% N/A 1.6% N/A 2.1%
Past 30 day e-cigarette/vaping use Abuse of alcohol and drugs can negatively impact cognitive growth of the teenage brain during a critical time of development. Teens who abuse these substances are more likely to engage in risky sexual activity, drive under the influence, abuse multiple substances and commit crimes. Abuse of alcohol and drugs is also linked to physical and mental health problems, poor academic performance and disengagement from peers, family, schools and community. The negative consequences of teen alcohol and drug abuse can carry over into adulthood. Overall, alcohol and drug use by adolescents have declined during the past decade, although patterns vary by substance. 5.6% N/A 4.2% N/A 8.6%
Past 30 day marijuana use Abuse of alcohol and drugs can negatively impact cognitive growth of the teenage brain during a critical time of development. Teens who abuse these substances are more likely to engage in risky sexual activity, drive under the influence, abuse multiple substances and commit crimes. Abuse of alcohol and drugs is also linked to physical and mental health problems, poor academic performance and disengagement from peers, family, schools and community. The negative consequences of teen alcohol and drug abuse can carry over into adulthood. Overall, alcohol and drug use by adolescents have declined during the past decade, although patterns vary by substance. 2.8% N/A 2.2% N/A 6.1%
Past 30 day prescription/narcotic use Abuse of alcohol and drugs can negatively impact cognitive growth of the teenage brain during a critical time of development. Teens who abuse these substances are more likely to engage in risky sexual activity, drive under the influence, abuse multiple substances and commit crimes. Abuse of alcohol and drugs is also linked to physical and mental health problems, poor academic performance and disengagement from peers, family, schools and community. The negative consequences of teen alcohol and drug abuse can carry over into adulthood. Overall, alcohol and drug use by adolescents have declined during the past decade, although patterns vary by substance. 0.5% N/A 0.4% N/A 0.6%
Past 30 day prescription drug abuse Abuse of alcohol and drugs can negatively impact cognitive growth of the teenage brain during a critical time of development. Teens who abuse these substances are more likely to engage in risky sexual activity, drive under the influence, abuse multiple substances and commit crimes. Abuse of alcohol and drugs is also linked to physical and mental health problems, poor academic performance and disengagement from peers, family, schools and community. The negative consequences of teen alcohol and drug abuse can carry over into adulthood. Overall, alcohol and drug use by adolescents have declined during the past decade, although patterns vary by substance. 1.6% N/A 1.5% N/A 2.4%
MENTAL HEALTH
Feelings of hopelessness lasting 2 weeks Saddness, hopelessness, and depression are some of the most common symptoms of child and adolescent depression. In 2015, nearly one third (30 percent) of students in grades 9-12 reported feeling sad or hopeless almost every day for two or more weeks in a row. 20.6 N/A 19.8 N/A 24.9
During past 12 months, seriously considered attempting suicide It is estimated that almost 1 in 4 teenagers consider suicide. It is extremely important to take al threats of suicide seriously and seek immediate treatment for a child or teenager. 12.6 N/A 12.7 N/A 16
During past 12 months, number of times reported they actually attempted suicide Common warning signs of suicide include making suicidal statements, being preoccupied with death in conversation, writing or drawing; giving away belongings; withdrawing from frieds and family; having aggressive or hostile behavior. 5.8 N/A 5.8 N/A 7.1
OTHER HEALTH
Percent of Utah students (grades 8, 10, 12) who are obese 2013 Utah Adolescent Report Bureau of Health Promotion Utah Department of Health. The US Dept of Health and Human Services recommends that youth aged 6-17 engage in physical activity for 60 minutes or more every day. 8.4% N/A N/A N/A 9.0%
Students who currently meet physical activity guidelines 2013 Utah Adolescent Report Bureau of Health Promotion Utah Department of Health. Obesity for youth is measured differently than it is for adults. Obesity for youth is defined as a body mass index that is greater than the 95th percentile for age and sex based on the CDC growth charts. In the US, nearly 21% of youth are obese. 20.9% N/A N/A N/A 17.6%
2 year olds who were immunized 2016 Coverage Report http://www.immunize-utah.org/pdf/2016ImmCovRpt/2016StateReports/2016CoverageReport_Oct2017.pdf 74.0% N/A N/A N/A 72.2%